Upholsteries

In the beginning of the production Volvo chooses a combination of textile and leatherette for the upholstery in the Amazon. Leatherette is used where the wear and tear is the greatest and where the need for cleaning is the biggest. On the earlier cars, the headliner is made of textile and the floor and luggage compartment mats are made of grey rubber. With model year 1965 several fundamental changes are made also on the interior, including upholstery entirely made of leatherette on all markets when the new Volvo seat is introduced. Floor and luggage compartment mats are now made of black rubber. The textile headliner was replaced by one made of vinyl already the year before. Leatherette is sometimes called vinyl.

Sections:
The Wilsgaard Tryouts
Upholstery Codes
P 1200 / P 120
P 130
P 220
Examples

The Wilsgaard Tryouts

In the mid 1950s two-tone cars were the hype and that this feature was in the plan for Volvo Amazon already from the beginning is confirmed by the fact that the two prototypes X1 and X2 were painted two-tone. But what color combinations should the Amazon get? And how should these be matched with the right upholsteries? Since before it has been known that Volvo experimented a lot with colors during early production and, as it turns out, Jan Wilsgaard decided early on to evaluate suitable two-tone color combinations on the first 20 or so series produced cars and also fit these with different upholsteries to be able to later decide what color combinations and what upholsteries to use in the continued production of the Volvo Amazon.

In a PM dated June 25th, 1956 Jan Wilsgaard lists what combinations of test paint that are to be tested on the new car, what upholsteries to try out with these colors and also what color the padded dash top should have. As known from pictures of the prototypes X1 and X2, they have different colors of the dash pad and it is apparent that this was experimented with also on the first production cars.

Excerpt from Wilsgaard’s PM dated June 1956 concerning upholsteries on the Volvo Amazon.

Different color combinations of upholstery textile, leatherette and dash pad were tried out on these first production cars. Just as with the paint, Wilsgaard numbered the colors 1 through 5 and used three different colors for the textile where 2 meant grey, 3 meant blue and 4 meant red. In the same way he used three different colors for the leatherette where 2 meant grey, 4 meant red and 5 meant black. The dash pad color was also tried out in three different colors where 2 meant grey, 4 meant red and 5 meant black.

The picture below is of the type designation plate of Volvo’s first series produced Amazon. From the top type designation (P 1200), chassis number (1), color exterior (12), color interior (12) and upholstery (455). According to Wilsgaard’s test scheme above for trying out different two-tone and upholstery combinations on the first 20 or so series produced cars, upholstery code 455 means red textile with black leatherette and black dash pad.

Type designation plate of Volvo Amazon ch.-no. 1.

Upholstery Codes

Once Volvo had decided on what color and upholstery combinations to use in the continued production of the Amazon they introduced these as new color and upholstery combinations such as presented below.

When the export to the USA begins in 1959, upholstery entirely in leatherette is available – but only on the export cars. Upholstery partly in leather is also available on the US market and these cars get vinyl headliner before other markets do. From 1968 the export cars to the USA have headrests as factory installed standard equipment, but already in 1965 the front seats were fitted with the guiding sleeves for headrests at the factory to simplify retrofitting (which was often done already by the reseller).

The Estate has, with only one exception (504-215) and one model year (1962) upholstery entirely in leatherette on all markets. One upholstery code for the Estate (508-266) is not listed in the parts catalogue, for some reason. The Estate does not have rear seat center armrest on any market or any model year.

Volvo Amazon with bench type front seat and steering wheel gear lever (M40RV).

Volvo uses the same upholstery code for upholsteries in different editions. One good example is 424-551 that can be found as red leatherette on the P 130 model years 1967 – 1968. In the Favorit edition this upholstery comes without pockets, pressings or chrome lists on the doors, but the same upholstery code can also be found on the 121 edition with door pockets, pressings and chrome lists and on the 122 S edition for the USA with headrests. There are more examples, especially among the earlier model years.

From 1965 to 1968 all cars have the rear seat center armrest, except the Estate. The P 130 in Favorit edition also comes with rear seat center armrest. Headrests are available as option from 1965 (fits the new Volvo seat) and becomes standard on the export cars to the USA in 1968 and are later factory fitted on all cars in 1970. Bench type front seat, as shown in the picture above to the right, is found only on the P 120 and then only on model year 1961 with the B16 engine and on cars with the B18 engine (1962 – 1967). On the B18 cars, bench type front seat exist in combination with steering wheel gearshift lever (manual M40RV or automatic BW35) but on the B16 cars bench type front seat is found only in combination with floor gearshift lever. All cars with bench type front seat have upholstery entirely in leatherette (no textile). Front door pockets are new with model year 1961 but are revoked again in 1969 on the P 130 (not on cars assembled in Belgium) but they remain on the P 220 and are also not found on the P 130 in Favorit edition.

The new Volvo seat came with model year 1965.

On 1965 – 1968 model years both the front and rear seats have pressings in the shape of weld marks on both sides of the middle section. This is on both the seat sections and on the back rests. These pressings disappear from model year 1969, both on P 130 and on P 220. Also the rear seat center armrest disappears on the P 130 while the door pockets remain on all P 220 and on P 130 assembled in Ghent, Belgium (VENV). Two of the upholsteries for P 130 are kept in 1969, black and leather brown, but now in a B edition. Black, that 1965 – 1968 is called 417-515, is for 1969 called 417B-515 and does not have these weld marks, rear seat center armrest nor (on cars produced in Sweden) door pockets. The same goes for leather brown, that 1965 – 1968 is called 425-552 and in 1969 425B-552. In 1969, three other upholsteries are added. In 1970, new upholsteries with rougher pressings in the middle sections of the seats are introduced.

Volvo shipped upholsteries as part of the CKD kits to some of the foreign assembly plants, typically to those fully owned by Volvo (Belgium and Canada). But other foreign assembly plants, typically those not owned by Volvo (like South Africa), procured upholsteries from local suppliers. This concerned also other parts, like windows, tires, batteries, etc. Volvo Amazon in different editions assembled in, in particular, Chile and South Africa can therefore be seen with completely different upholsteries than those listed here. The cars to South Africa were shipped with type designation plates with blank upholstery field.

It is common with deviating upholstery for Volvo Amazon in police edition, often having their own S-codes. Also other special delivery cars, such as to the Royal Danish Court, had completely different upholsteries than what is listed here.

It’s in many cases possible to determine the model year of a Volvo Amazon only by looking at the combination of paint and upholstery, because Volvo kept changing these combinations frequently. A for instance Dark blue Amazon with red upholstery can only be of model year 1967 because the year after Volvo changed the upholstery to blue. In the same way, a Pearl white Amazon with leather tan interior is also of model year 1967 because the year after the upholstery was changed to red and in 1969 the white paint was no longer Pearl white but California white. Some upholsteries only exist for one single model year, such as the light blue upholstery which is only found on model year 1965 (and only in combination with Dark blue) or the more lifelike and somewhat more mingled leather tan interior that only existed in 1965 (and only in combination with Golden yellow paint). Also, some of the dark red upholsteries are model year specific but a lot more difficult to tell apart.

Aside from pressings in the upholstery they also have printed pattern effects from model year 1965. In fact, all upholsteries on the Amazon 1965-1970 except black (417-515 and 417B-515) have prints, but is perhaps most visible on the red upholsteries 1965-1966 which both are a little mingled with black stains but in different ways.

Red upholstery model year 1965.
Red upholstery model year 1966.

The green upholsteries of 1966 and 1967 are also quite similar but still show distinct differences when compared up close.

Export only or Only US are common notes in the tables below but it can be good to know that there are plenty of exceptions. As an example, the fairly new two-door version (P 130) of the Amazon sold a lot better than plan in Sweden during the spring of 1963 and Volvo simply ran out of upholsteries intended for the domestic market and instead chose to put upholsteries intended for export cars in these. Consequently, it is not uncommon with late 1963 cars in Sweden with export upholsteries, i.e. entirely in leatherette and with rear seat center armrest which the upholsteries they were supposed to get did not have. The opposite is also true in some cases, for instance this export car with textile upholstery:

Volvo Amazon in export edition but with textile upholstery.

P 1200 / P 120 – Four Door Sedan

CodeColor and materialModel yearComments
6-106Ivory leatherette, grey blue textile1957 – 1959Rear seat center armrest.
7-107Ivory leatherette, red textile1957 – 1959Rear seat center armrest.
8-108Ivory and black leatherette, grey textile1957 – 1959Rear seat center armrest.
9-109Light grey, red and black leatherette1957 – 1959No rear seat center armrest.
12-110Beige leatherette, grey blue textile1958 – 1960Rear seat center armrest.
13-111Beige and black leatherette, grey textile1958 – 1960Rear seat center armrest.
14-112 *Beige and black leatherette, grey textile1958 – 1960Rear seat center armrest.
15-113Red leather, red leatherette1959 – 1960No rear seat center armrest. USA only.
16-116Beige and turquoise leatherette1959 – 1960No rear seat center armrest. Export only.
17-115Beige and red leatherette1959 – 1960No rear seat center armrest. Export only.
114-18 *Beige leatherette, turquoise textile1959 – 1960Rear seat center armrest.
117-20 *Light brown leatherette1959 – 1960Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
118-19 *Beige and grey beige leatherette1959 – 1960No rear seat center armrest. Export only.
119-160Light brown leatherette1961Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
120-161Blue leatherette1961Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
121-162Grey beige leatherette1961Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
122-163Light brown leatherette, brown textile1961No rear seat center armrest.
123-164Blue leatherette, blue textile1961No rear seat center armrest.
124-165Grey beige leatherette, grey textile1961No rear seat center armrest.
125-183Red leatherette, red leather1961 – 1962No rear seat center armrest. Export only.
129-178 **Light brown leatherette1961Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
130-179Blue leatherette1961Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
131-180Grey beige leatherette1961Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
135-200Nougat colored leatherette1962 – 1963Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
136-201Maroon leatherette1962Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
137-202Blue leatherette1962 – 1963Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
138-203Nougat colored leatherette, beige textile1962 – 1963No rear seat center armrest.
139-204Blue leatherette, blue textile1962 – 1963No rear seat center armrest.
140-205Nougat colored leatherette1962 – 1963Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
141-206Maroon leatherette1962 – 1963Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
142-207Light blue leatherette1962 – 1963Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
147-224Grey leatherette1962 – 1963Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
148-225Red leatherette1962 – 1963Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
149-226Grey leatherette, grey textile1962 – 1963No rear seat center armrest.
150-227Red leatherette, red textile1962 – 1963No rear seat center armrest.
151-228Grey leatherette1962 – 1964Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
152-229Red leatherette1962 – 1963Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
155-248Grey leatherette1964Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
156-249Red leatherette1964Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
157-258Golden brown leatherette1964Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
158-250Grey leatherette, grey textile1964No rear seat center armrest.
159-251Red leatherette, red textile1964No rear seat center armrest.
160-259Golden brown leatherette, golden brown textile1964No rear seat center armrest.
161-252Grey leatherette1964Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
162-253Red leatherette1964Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
167-502 ***Dark red leatherette1965Rear seat center armrest.
168-503 ***, ****Black leatherette1965 – 1967Rear seat center armrest.
169-504 ***Leather brown leatherette1965Rear seat center armrest.
170-505 ***Light blue leatherette1965Rear seat center armrest.
171-506 ***Red leatherette1965 – 1967Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
172-507 ***, ****Black leatherette1965 – 1967Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
175-523Dark red leatherette1966Rear seat center armrest.
176-524Blue leatherette1966 – 1967Rear seat center armrest.
178-526Green leatherette1966Rear seat center armrest.
179-527Red leatherette1965 – 1967Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.
183-545Red leatherette1967Rear seat center armrest.
184-546Leather brown leatherette1967Rear seat center armrest.
185-547Green leatherette1967Rear seat center armrest.
187-549Leather brown leatherette1967Bench type front seat. Rear seat center armrest.

* The numbers switched sometime between ch.-no. 42407 and 45535, i.e. 112-14, 18-114 19-118 and 20-117 also occur.
** Not mentioned in the spare parts catalogue.
*** Changed upholstery on rear seat center armrest from ch.-no. 182429 (some from ch.-no. 181900).
**** Changed right side front door panel from ch.-no. 193800 (model year 1966).

P 130 – Two Door Sedan

CodeColor and materialModel yearComments
401-189Light brown leatherette1962 – 1963Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
402-190Maroon leatherette1962Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
403-191Light blue leatherette1962 – 1963Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
404-192Light brown leatherette, beige textile1962 – 1963No rear seat center armrest.
405-193Light blue leatherette, light blue textile1962 – 1963No rear seat center armrest.
406-233Grey leatherette1962 – 1963Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
407-234Red leatherette1962 – 1963Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
408-235 *Grey leatherette, grey textile1962 – 1963No rear seat center armrest.
409-236 *Red leatherette, red textile1962 – 1963No rear seat center armrest.
410-244Grey leatherette1964Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
411-245Red leatherette1964Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
412-262Golden brown leatherette1964Rear seat center armrest. Export only.
413-246Grey leatherette, grey textile1964No rear seat center armrest.
414-247Red leatherette, red textile1964No rear seat center armrest.
415-263Golden brown leatherette, golden brown textile1964No rear seat center armrest.
416-514 **Dark red leatherette1965Rear seat center armrest.
417-515 **Black leatherette1965 – 1968Rear seat center armrest. Headrests on the export cars 1968.
417B-515Black leatherette1969No door pockets, no rear seat center armrest.
418-516 **Leather brown leatherette1965Rear seat center armrest.
419-517 **Light blue leatherette1965Rear seat center armrest.
420-532Dark red leatherette1966Rear seat center armrest. Also Favorit.
421-533Blue leatherette1966Rear seat center armrest.
423-535Green leatherette1966Rear seat center armrest.
424-551 ***Maroon leatherette1967 – 1968Rear seat center armrest. Headrests on the export cars 1968. Also Favorit.
424-585 ***Red leatherette1967 – 1968 ****Rear seat center armrest. Headrests on the export cars 1968.
425-552 ***Leather brown leatherette1967 – 1968Rear seat center armrest. Headrests on the export cars 1968.
425B-552Leather brown leatherette1969No door pockets, no rear seat center arm rest.
426-553Green leatherette1967Rear seat center armrest.
427-575Blue leatherette1968Rear seat center armrest. Headrests on the export cars.
428-584Black leatherette1967 – 1968Rear seat center armrest. Also Favorit.
429-585Maroon leatherette1967 – 1968Rear seat center armrest. Headrests on the export cars. Also Favorit.
430-595Beige leatherette1969No door pockets, no rear seat center armrest. Cars fitted with headrests have S-5558.
431-596Blue leatherette1969No door pockets, no rear seat center armrest. Cars fitted with headrests have S-5559.
432-597Red leatherette1969No door pockets, no rear seat center armrest. Cars fitted with headrests have S-5560.
433-635Leather brown leatherette1970Headrests. No door pockets, no rear seat center armrest.
434-636Red leatherette1970Headrests. No door pockets, no rear seat center armrest.
435-637Blue leatherette1970Headrests. No door pockets, no rear seat center armrest.

* Changed upholstery on rear side panels from ch.-no. 25200.
** Changed upholstery on rear seat center armrest from ch.-no. 118074 (some from ch.-no. 116500).
*** Different upholstery and padding on front seats and rear seat on cars assembled in Ghent, Belgium (VENV).
**** Also 1969 but then only VENV, for instance P131941S337135.

P 220 – The Estate

CodeColor and materialModel yearComments
501-230Light brown leatherette1963
502-231Grey leatherette1963
503-232Red leatherette1962 – 1963
504-215Light brown leatherette, beige textile1962
507-254 *Grey leatherette1964
508-255 *Red leatherette1964
508-266 **Black leatherette?1964P22134VD10554.
509-264Golden brown leatherette1964Export only.
510-518Dark red leatherette1965
511-519Black leatherette1965 – 1968Headrests on the export cars 1968.
512-520Leather brown leatherette1965
513-521Light blue leatherette1965
514-536Dark red leatherette1966
515-537Blue leatherette1966
517-539Green leatherette1966
518-554Maroon leatherette1967 – 1968Headrests on the export cars 1968.
519-555Leather brown leatherette1967 – 1968Headrests on the export cars 1968.
520-556Green leatherette1967
521-576Blue leatherette1968Headrests. Export only.
522-598Beige leatherette1969Cars fitted with headrests have S-5558.
523-599Blue leatherette1969Cars fitted with headrests have S-5559.
524-600Red leatherette1969Cars fitted with headrests have S-5560.

* Changed upholstery on rear seat cushion and backrest from ch.-no. 14336 (some from ch.-no. 13049).
** Not mentioned in the spare parts catalogue.

Examples

Below are a few examples of different upholsteries for the model years 1957 – 1964.

1961: Blue upholstery in export edition (120-161) in combination with blue paint (67).
1961: Leather tan upholstery in export edition (119-160) in combination with grey beige paint (65).
1961: Grey beige upholstery in export edition (121-162) in combination with red paint with grey beige top (51).
1962: Blue upholstery (405-193) in combination with blue paint (67).
1962: Nougat colored upholstery (404-192) in combination with black paint (19).
1964: Red upholstery (409-236) in combination with white paint (79).

Below are a few examples of different upholsteries for the model years 1965 – 1970.

1965: Red upholstery (167-502) in combination with white paint (79).
1967: Leather brown upholstery (425-552) in combination with white paint (79).
1969: Beige upholstery (430-595) in combination with red paint (46).
1970: Blue upholstery (435-637) in combination with blue paint (99).